The intended effect of this doctrine was to deter either side from risk-taking since any attack, however small, could have led to a full nuclear exchange. 2021-02-18T19:29:47Z The letter F. An envelope. NATO was little more than a political association until the Korean War (1950-1953) galvanized the organization’s member states. NATO, as we know it today, is a de facto bulwark against Russian (née Soviet) expansionism into Western Europe and potentially elsewhere.It must have come as a complete surprise when France, Great Britain, and the United States all received letters of intent from the Soviet Foreign Ministry about joining the alliance.. Against themselves. But the collapse of the Soviet Union made NATO’s purpose less clear. During this time, NATO adopted the strategic doctrine of "Massive Retaliation” – if the Soviet Union attacked, NATO would respond with nuclear weapons. Again all proposals, including the request to join NATO, were rejected by the UK, US, and French governments shortly after. Following the demise of the Soviet Union, the country restored its official name as the Republic of Latvia attaining its full independence on August 21, 1991. A NATO war game had the Soviet Union readying for nuclear war in a terrifying Cold War close call, new documents show. In fact, in 1990, as the Cold War drew to a close, President Mikhail Gorbachev proposed the Soviet Union join NATO. The Two plus Four Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany , signed on 12 September 1990, included built-in limitations on German power. Both competed in an arms race. NATO and the Warsaw Pact were established. The Soviets did not react to NATO until 1955, when the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, aka West Germany) joined the bloc. It was fully recognized as an independent state on September 6, 1991 by the Soviet Union. Ryan Pickrell. The USA and the Soviet Union’s opposing political and economic beliefs caused the Cold War. Without controls over German armed forces, the Soviet Union would not have acquiesced in unified Germany’s option to join NATO. In 1954, the Soviet Union suggested it should join NATO to preserve peace in Europe, but the NATO countries, fearful that the Soviet Union’s motive was to weaken the alliance, ultimately rejected this proposal. The Soviet Union and … In 1949 the United States and 11 other Western nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) amid the prospect of further Communist expansion. Emblematic was the position of British General Hastings Ismay, a fierce supporter of NATO expansion.He opposed the request to join NATO made by the USSR in 1954 saying that "the Soviet request to join NATO is like an unrepentant burglar requesting to join the police force". Ten years after the Nazis were defeated in World War II, West Germany formally joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a mutual defense group aimed at containing Soviet … The country's primary goals in the post Soviet era were joining the European Union and NATO in 2004.